Archive for Anti-personnel Mines

German Hebelzünder 44 Fuse

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , , on January 14, 2023 by The Dude

This lever type fuse was used almost exclusively on the Glasmine 43.

Hebelzunder (Lever Igniter), also called Schuko Igniter consisted of an inverted L-shaped tube, the vertical arm of which was screwed into a mine. The horizontal arm contained the percussion cap, striker, striker spring, and striker retaining pin. On top of the arm was attached a lug, an actuating lever (consisting of a hollow metal tripping piece pivoted on a rivet), and a safety pin. After removing the pin, the downward pressure (as little as 40 lb) on the actuating lever forced out the striker retaining pin, thus releasing the striker to fire the percussion cap. The igniter was used in Glasmine 43 (as an alternative to the Buck Igniter) and in some booby traps.

German Springmine Zünder 35

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , , on January 12, 2023 by The Dude

When the S-Mine 35 or 44 is set up the engineer has a choice of fuse configurations to use, depending on terrain and intended wiring. This includes single, double, and triple head layouts. Commonly the center fusing used was the S.Mi.Z-35, a pronged igniter intended to catch on clothing or boots.

The safety bolt is withdrawn by removing its retaining nut and pulling the bolt out of the plunger against the resistance of the spring-loaded ball.

When pressure is applied to the prongs the plunger is forced down into the body against the resistance of the supporting spring. When the two steel balls in the plunger have moved down sufficiently to lose the support of the low-diameter portion of the body, there are ejected by the inclined surface in the striker groove, under the pressure of the striker spring, which drives the striker to the cap assembly. The weight required to operate the fuze is approximately 7 lb.

German Igniter Zugzünder 35

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , , on January 11, 2023 by The Dude

Here are a variety of Z.Z35’s configured as they were commonly used.

The brass igniter, fitted with a detonator of the No. 8 type, is used with a pull wire in the side and base of the Tellermine and in conjunction with trip wires to function the S-mine. Booby traps operated by pull wires may also be fitted with this igniter. The mechanism consists of a striker, with a spring under initial compression, held off an igniferous detonator by supporting pins which are held in position by a guide until the pull is applied. The body of the igniter is a cylindrical casing fitted with a projecting sleeve at the outer end and screw-threaded internally at the inner end for the insertion of the guide. The sleeve is perforated to receive the safety pin which passes through a hole in the release cylinder. The outer end of the retaining spring bears against a flange on the inner end of the sleeve.

These ones are often unmarked only three of my five are marked, one GRO 41 (Georg Beissbarth Metallwarenfabrik from Nurnberg), one CXL 41 (Rachmann Metallwerk Inh. in Halda in the Sudetenland), and one RR 985 40 (Josef Mellert, Fabrik Für Feinmechanik in Bretten).

You can also see the double and triple fitting for the S-mine.

German Igniter for Flascheneismine 42

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , , on January 11, 2023 by The Dude

This is an impact fuse and detonator for use with the glass Flascheneismine 42. This device was intended for placement in frozen waterways in a pattern that would allow the river or lake surface to be disrupted in the event of an attack. These mines were also used as anti-personnel mines by the Germans by being encased in cement. In this case an S.Mi.Z. 35 pronged igniter would be used.

German Adaptor for Stockmine 43 and Glasmine 43

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , , on January 11, 2023 by The Dude

In order to fit either the concrete Stockmine 43 or Glasmine 43 for action, the bakelite adapter here had to be screwed into the explosive charge. In the case of the Stockmine the charge was a Bohrpatrone 28, a replica of which is shown here. With a Glasmine 43 you would use the most common charge block, the Sprengkörper 28.

German Pull Igniter Zündschnuranzünder 42

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , , on January 11, 2023 by The Dude

This igniter is used in the wooden box mine and also in the Stockmine, Schützenmine 42, and wooden box mine U.B.1. The igniter consists of a bakelite tube about 2.5 inches long, 0.5 inches in diameter carrying a spring-loaded striker. The tension of the spring retains a cross-shaped pin in a hole in the striker rod, firmly against the top of the bakelite case. The percussion cap is carried in a tube screwed into the base of the igniter. The tube is closed by a screwed cap. No safety device is fitted. The screwed cap is removed and a detonator is inserted when required for use.

Pressure on the arms of the pin, or tension applied to the loop of the pin will cause it to withdraw. The force required is reported to be between 6 and 10 lb. weight. The striker is then impelled forward onto the percussion cap by the action of the spring.

These are coded btb for J.Duderstadt Metallwarenfabrik in Esslingen.

German Zündschnuranzünder 39 Fuse Lighter

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , on January 10, 2023 by The Dude

This little guy is the Zündschnuranzünder 39 or Zdschn.Anz. 39 This fuse lighter is used to light a time fuse attached to a prepared charge of hollow charge. It may also be used to ignite a smoke candle or, with a trip wire attached to the pull cap, as a fuze for booby traps, activated antitank mines, or improvised mines.

It looks a lot like the fuse used on an E39 egg grenade but doesn’t have the wings, collar and is quite a bit smaller as you can see by the comparison photos below. Also the thread is left handed as opposed to right handed on the E39.

German Fuse Lighter 29

Posted in Ammunition & Fusing with tags , , , , on January 9, 2023 by The Dude

Here are three Zündschnuranzünder 29 fuse lighters. These are made from brass and because of this are often found in good condition. These fuse lighters were used to light time fuses attached to a prepared charge or hollow charge. They may also be used to ignite a smoke candle or, with a trip wire attached to the pull ring, as a fuze for a booby trap, activated antitank mine, or improvised mine.

The one on the left is marked RR 486 and WaA686 for Voight & Häffner of Frankfurt-Main. The centre one is marked RR470 for Storch & Stehmann GmbH in Ruhla and dated 1939. The one on the right is marked for RR37 Machinenfabrik Donauwörth GmbH in Donauwörth. The style of the factory codes indicates these are all prewar or early wartime.

German Trip Wire Spool

Posted in Mines with tags , , , , on March 13, 2017 by The Dude

Flag_of_the_NSDAP_(1920–1945).svgWell it doesn’t get much more dull than this. This small spool contains the tripwire used to set up the Stockmine 43 and Bouncing Betty mines as booby traps. The wire comes in two colours, desert yellow and temperate green. This one is marked YBW for the manufacturer. These spools are almost identical to those used by the U.S.Army during WW2 and postwar. The difference is in how the spool core is turned and on the code marking.rsz_tripwire.png

German Glasmine 43

Posted in Mines with tags , , , on April 17, 2013 by The Dude

Flag_of_the_NSDAP_(1920–1945).svgThis is a German antipersonnel mine made almost entirely of glass. This was so that it would be harder to detect using a mine detector. Because it relies on the 220g blast charge it is intended to maim primarily by taking a leg or foot off an individual soldier.

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German Stockmine 43

Posted in Mines with tags , , , on April 17, 2013 by The Dude

Flag_of_the_NSDAP_(1920–1945).svgThis is a German cement mine that has metal fragments in it. Inside was a 100gram Bohrpatrone charge. Screwed in through the top was a ZZ42 zünder, although this one came with a druckzünder 35A.

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German FlaschenEismine42

Posted in Mines with tags , , , on April 17, 2013 by The Dude

Flag_of_the_NSDAP_(1920–1945).svgThis is an interesting piece. It’s called an “ice mine”. The original German theory for the use of these mines was that they should be suspended on 6-foot lengths of wire below the surface of ice-covered rivers. The mines were placed 16-feet apart and at intervals mines were set to be ignited by electrical detonation. The explosion of one mine would set up a sympathetic detonation which would explode those in the adjacent area. The mines were later used as A/P ground mines, employing the Fl.Es.Mi.Z igniter and adapted for use with other pressure type igniters.

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German M35 Bouncing Betty Antipersonnel Mine

Posted in Mines with tags , , , on April 16, 2013 by The Dude

Flag_of_the_NSDAP_(1920–1945).svgWell what can I say that the title already didn’t? This is a M35 Antipersonnel mine with the compound three zunder setup on top. This was replaced by the M44 in 1944 that was simpler to manufacture. This is quite heavy and rather nasty inside as it contains hundreds of sharp medal rod clippings designed to tear the shit out of people.


Sappers from the British 51st Highland Division render a group of M35’s safe somewhere in the Western Desert.


German Schützenmine 42

Posted in Mines with tags , , , on April 15, 2013 by The Dude

Flag_of_the_NSDAP_(1920–1945).svgThis mine was a non-metallic anti-personal mine containing a 200 gram blast charge and was triggered by a ZZ42 detonator. My one is missing the wooden spacing blocks that held the charge block in place.

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